What is an Apprenticeship?
An Apprenticeship is an on-the-job training programme which leads to nationally recognised qualifications, developed by industry. It is a framework which consists of the functional skills in maths and English and a competency based qualification. In an Apprenticeship programme the majority of the learning takes place in the workplace and off the job training which can be delivered in the employer workplace or at a learning centre.
How are Apprenticeships frameworks developed?
An Apprenticeship is a set of qualifications known as ‘framework’. The hairdressing Apprenticeship framework was developed by HABIA the Sector Skills Councils. Sector Skills Councils are licensed by government to work with the employers or firms to develop the National Occupational Standards and design the frameworks for Apprenticeship for the industries they represent.
What types of Apprenticeships are there?
Apprentices can be categorized into three categories:
- Intermediate Level Apprenticeships – Level 2
- Advanced Level Apprenticeships – Level 3
- Higher Apprenticeships – Level 4 or 5
What does the Apprenticeship involve?
The components of the Apprenticeship are:
- All apprentices have to be engaged in working and learning for minimum 30 hours a week
- A knowledge based element
- A competence based element
- Functional in maths and English
- A module on employment rights and responsibilities
- Personal Learning and Thinking Skills
Why would I want to take on an Apprentice?
Today, the shortage of skills is still one of the biggest threats to UK business. Apprenticeships can help businesses in all industries by offering a route to utilise fresh talent. If your staff are well-trained and have the right skills for the job, they can perform a wider range of tasks and are capable to take on new responsibilities – this can help to reduce the shortage of skills, minimise staff turnover and workplace accidents, and increase productivity. Hiring an apprentice is really cost effective because your staff can learn while they’re on the job and the government also takes part in the costs of learning.
Yes, but what is the financial benefit to me?
There are several financial benefits to employers and their investment in Apprenticeships will generate revenue many times over.
What evidence is there that hiring an apprentice is good for my business?
The Learning and Skills Council recently organised a survey to businesses all over the UK on benefits of hiring an apprentice (Populus, January 2009). Of those surveyed:
- 81% of employers said that employing apprentices has increased overall productivity for their company.
- 66% of employers said that their Apprenticeship programme made them much more competitive in their industry.
- 92% of employers said that their Apprenticeship programme has motivated their staff and increased their job satisfaction.
- 74% of employers said that apprentices are tended to be more loyal and allegiant, remaining at their company longer as compared to non-apprentices.
Do apprentices take exams?
Most assessments are carried out in the workplace but there are some tests related to the knowledge and functional skills.
What are my responsibilities as the employer?
As an employer, you must give your apprentice an introduction about their role and provide on-the-job training. You have to provide an Apprenticeship Contract of Employment and you also have a responsibility of paying the wages or salary of your apprentice. The minimum wage of an Apprentice is £2.73 per hour if the Apprentice is aged under 19 or if he/she is aged over 19 and in the first year of their Apprenticeship.
Is there a limit to the number of apprentices that an employer can take on?
There is no limit to the number of Apprentices. Employers can hire as many as they need. The employers will be responsible for giving an introduction to the apprentices about their role, as they are providing on-the-job training.
My business is afflicted to make ends meet can I get a grant to help with the costs of employing an Apprentice?
The National Apprenticeship Service will give upto 40,000 Apprenticeship grants to employers with up to 1000 employees recruiting 16 to 24 year olds with a value of £1,500, to encourage employers to hire new apprentices. Employers who have never employed an apprentice before or who were not in a position within the last 12 months to commit to hire an apprentice again are eligible for this grant. Based on the budget availability and the employer’s commitment to support the apprentices or trainees to the end of their programme, upto ten grants can be made to any one employer. Anyhow, the employer has to commit the total number of apprentices they want to hire through the grant at the proper agreement stage.
To get the grant of £1,500, an employer will need to sign an agreement which includes:
- Confirmation of the number of apprentices the employer will be hiring as a result of the grant (max of 10)
- Confirmation that the employer wouldn’t have taken the apprentice on without this additional grant
- A commitment to hire the apprentice for a minimum period of 12 months
- Agreement to pay the Apprenticeship National Minimum Wage which is of £2.73 an hour – although most apprentices get more than this
- Confirmation that the employer have not hired any apprentice in the previous twelve months whether through a new recruitment or through the transfer of an existing employee onto an Apprenticeship programme
If you are interested, you can use this simple checklist to determine that whether you are eligible for a £1,500 grant to support recruitment of a new 16 to 24 year old apprentice or not.
– Are you interested in hiring a young apprentice but are not in a position to do so due to current financial problems, or need some financial help to hire an apprentice?
– Have you not hired any apprentice in the last 12 months, whether through a new recruitment or through the transfer of an existing employee onto an Apprenticeship programme?
If your answer is ‘Yes’ to both questions above, you could be eligible to get the grant when recruiting a 16 to 24 year old apprentice. Please contact us to discuss your eligibility in more detail.
How is taking on an apprentice going to help my businesses manage through the difficult economic times during the recession period?
Even in difficult times like recession period, Apprenticeship is an essential way of improving the skills of staff and generating a committed and productive workforce. During tough times, the competition for contracts becomes even tougher. At this point of time, a well-trained and skilled workforce could make a real difference to your chances of success. Apprentices offers a flexible resource which can help your business to grow and give you a competitive advantage to exploit new business opportunities.
Costs & Funding
So what support can I expect from the National Apprenticeship Service?
The National Apprenticeship Service supports the training of apprentices depending on the age of the Apprentices.
|Age||National Apprenticeship Service Contribution|
|16 – 18||up to 100%|
|19 – 24||up to 50%|
In order to encourage the Apprenticeships, the government provides funds for the full cost of the training required to complete the framework successfully as determined by the relevant SSC for an Apprentice aged 16-18. If the employers want to provide additional qualifications or courses as part of their overall framework then these courses will not be funded by the government. The cost of these courses or qualifications will need to be paid by the employer. Employers are also supported through the process of recruiting and training of an Apprentice, including signposting them to employers and advising on the available Apprenticeship frameworks. The National Apprenticeship Service also operates Apprenticeships vacancy which is a free online recruitment tool which can be used to match apprentice’s skills and techniques with potential employers.
Is there a cost for employers?
All the apprentices are entitled for a wage. The National Minimum Wage for apprentices is £2.73 per hour. This wage includes time of working plus the time spent on training both on-the-job and off-the-job.
I pay my apprentices more than £2.73 an hour, should I cut their wages?
Their wage cannot be cut without any reason. It is a minimum wage for an Apprentice below which they should not be paid. There is no standard rate for the wage; the wages of all Apprenticeships cannot be same. Employers are free to pay more than the new National Minimum Wage. Most of the employers are already doing so and this change doesn’t affect their business. The Apprentices aged 19 or over who have already spent a year on their Apprenticeship are entitled to be paid at least the full National Minimum Wage (NMW) rate which is appropriate to their age.
Do apprentices pay tax and national insurance?
All the employees or Apprentices aged over 16 must pay taxes and national insurance from their income, when they reach to the appropriate level of income.
Can any benefits-in-kind, such as tips, meals, or childcare vouchers, count towards the statutory minimum wage for apprentices?
All the in-kind benefits such as meals, tips and childcare vouchers will not be counted towards the apprentice NMW.
Why is on - and off-the-job training included in the definition of hours for the Apprenticeship National Minimum Wage?
An Apprenticeship is a framework of work and on-the-job and off the job training. The Apprentices must be paid for all the time they are on the Apprenticeship. That includes training time. Do I have to give my apprentice holidays? All the Apprentices must be given at least 20 days paid holidays in a year apart from the bank holidays.
What is an Apprenticeship?
In our Apprenticeship Programme, you will be employed for the full time by an independent salon and you will attend the training sessions at the London Hairdressing Apprenticeship Academy (LHAA) one day in a week. Your training will be an on-the-job training, which will allow you to build up the realistic commercial experience.
Where will I learn and how will I be assessed?
A major part of your learning, training and assessment will take place at the LHAA’s training academy and the salon which you will attend your practical and theory training sessions, training demonstrations and online testing. Your progress will be reviewed in every eight – ten weeks, with your Salon Trainer and a representative from the Academy.
How long does the training take?
In the LHAA Hairdressing Apprenticeship programmes, the L2 qualification has duration of 12-15 months and then a further 12 months to complete the L3 qualification.
What will I earn?
The National Minimum Wage (NMW) for apprentices for young people who are aged 16-18 and those are aged over 19 and in the first year of their Apprenticeship. The rate is £2.73 per hour. The new NMW is based on the working-hours plus the time which an Apprentice will spend on training as the training is also part of the Apprenticeship. Anyone who is not covered in the age category of the NMW, will be entitled to the wage appropriate to their age. You need to work for minimum of 30 hours in a week (including the days of training at the LHAA) with a maximum of 40 hours in a week which means 8 hours a day if you are under the age of 18 with 20 paid holidays per year apart from 8 Bank Holidays.
What Qualification will I get?
Your Apprenticeship in Hairdressing qualification will be awarded by the Skills Active, HABIA – (Hair and Beauty Industry Authority), after the successful completion of the following elements:
- NVQ Level 2 Diploma in Hairdressing or NVQ Level 3 Diploma in Hairdressing
- Functional Skills in maths and English
What are the entry requirements?
There are no set of rules or formal entry requirements for the enrolment in LHAA, as the success depends on the interview. Work experience or weekend work in a Salon can be considered as an advantage. Training on the Apprenticeships Programme for 16 to 18 year old Apprentice is a priority and will be fully-funded by the Government. Training for Apprenticeships for those who are over this age will be partially-funded, with employers expected to make a part or full contribution.
What happens once I qualify?
You can carry forward your training by progressing on to the Advanced Apprenticeship or you can enter the workplace or Salon as a junior stylist. There is an excellent range of career opportunities which are available to you, which includes:
- Hairdressing Trainer
- Salon Manager
- Salon Franchisee
- Salon Owner/Mobile Hairdresser
- Product/Technical Rep
- Hairdressing for competitions, photo-shoots, catwalk shows, stage productions or TV
- Travel – working on cruise ships